четверг, 18 октября 2018 г.

Q&A: Who is Shreemati Subhadra-Devi of Shree Jagannatha-Kshetra? Shree Durga or Shree Lakshmi?

Question: "Could you please tell Who is Shree Subhadra-Devi in Shree Jagannatha-Kshetra? Shree Lakshmi or Shree Durga?"

Answer by Vishnudut1926: "Shree Subhadra-Devi is Shree Durga (Shree Katyayani, Shree ShivA), because "Shree Brahma-Purana", Jagannatha-Mahatmya (also known as Purushottama-Kshetra-Mahatmya) says:

नमस् ते सर्वगे देवि नमस् ते शुभसौख्यदे /
त्राहि मां पद्मपत्त्राक्षि कात्यायनि नमो ऽस्तु ते // ५७.५८ //
एवं प्रसाद्य तां देवीं जगद्धात्रीं जगद्धिताम् /
बलदेवस्य भगिनीं सुभद्रां वरदां शिवाम् // ५७.५९ //
namas te sarvage devi namas te shubhasaukhyade /
trAhi mAM padmapattrAkShi kAtyAyani namo .astu te // 57.58 //
evaM prasAdya tAM devIM jagaddhAtrIM jagaddhitAm /
baladevasya bhaginIM subhadrAM varadAM shivAm // 57.59 //

"Shreemati Subhadra-Devi is Shree Katyayani (Shree Durga) and Shree ShivA". ["Shree Brahma-Purana", 57.58-59]

and
भगिनीं वासुदेवस्य रुक्मवर्णां सुशोभनाम् तृतीयां वै सुभद्रां च सर्वलक्षणलक्षिताम् 
bhaginIM vAsudevasya rukmavarNAM sushobhanAm tRRitIyAM vai subhadrAM cha sarvalakShaNalakShitAm 

"Shree Subhadra-Devi is a Sister (Bhagini) of Lord Shree Vasudeva". ["Shree Brahma-Purana", 50.46.]

Please also pay keen attention to the fact, that according to Orthodox Vaishnava PanchaRatra there is no difference between Shreemati Lakshmi-Devi and Shreemati Durga-Devi, because Shreemati Lakshmi-Devi says in "Shree Lakshmi-Tantra", that:

1. भद्रकाली तथा भद्रा काली दुर्गा महेश्वरी - bhadrakAlI tathA bhadrA kAlI durgA maheshvarI - "I am (Shreemati MahaLakshmi-Devi) BhadraKali, Durga, MahEshwari". ["Shree Lakshmi-Tantra", 4.40] and

2. महत्त्वाच्च महामाया मोहनान्मोहिनी मता दुर्गा च दुर्गमत्वेन भक्तरक्षाविधेरपि - mahattvAchcha mahAmAyA mohanAnmohinI matA durgA cha durgamatvena bhaktarakShAvidherapi - "I am (Shreemati MahaLakshmi-Devi) also known as Shree MahaMaya and Shree Durga, Who protects Her own bhaktas like fortress!". ["Shree Lakshmi-Tantra", 4.46]

So, technically Shree Subhadra-Devi of Shree Jagannatha-Kshetra is Shree Durga, but from overall point of view and from Orthodox PanchaRatrika Vaishnava point of view Shreemati Subhadra-Devi is Shree MahaLakshmi. 

And "Shree Brahma-Purana" is all about Orthodox Vaishnava PanchaRatra, because it contains a lot of Shree Vasudeva-related themes, Narayana-Mantra-Mahatmya and Vaikuntha descriptions (see, for example, #this post dedicated to Shree Vaikuntha-Mahatmya from "Shree Brahma-Purana"). 
So, Shreemati Subhadra-Devi = Shreemati Durga-Devi = Shreemati MahaLakshmi-Devi.
If you are very much interested in Bhagavan Shree Jagannatha, then I strongly recommend to study "Shree Brahma-Purana", it is the most authoritative source about Shree Jagannatha in this Kali-Yuga. 

Motilal Banasirdass edition of "Shree Brahma-Purana" in English is great. If you know Sanskrit, you can refer either to GRETIL-version (#link) or to VedicReserve (#link)".

Answers, translations of Pramanas from Sanskrit/Hindi to English
by Vishnudut1926, Moscow, October 2018

Pramanas from "Shree Brahma-Purana" checked with Sanskrit GRETIL-version (#link) and English edition of "Shree Brahma-Purana" by Motilal Banasirdass, Volume 2, 2003 edition. 
Pramanas from "Shree Lakshmi-Tantra" checked with Sanskrit-Hindi edition by KapilaDeva Narayana and English translation of Sanjukta Gupta. 

Shree Vaikuntha (Shree Vishnu-Loka) Chapter from "Shree Brahma-Purana" [Sanskrit + English]

There is a hidden Chapter dedicated to Shree Vaikuntha (Shree Vishnu-Loka) in Jagannatha-Mahatmya-Khanda of "Shree Brahma-Purana"!

In the text below I have united Sanskrit version from GRETIL (#link) and the English translation from the English edition of "Shree Brahma-Purana" by Motilal Banasirdass. GRETIL and Motilal editions have a slight discrepancy in the Chapters enumeration: in the GRETIL Sanskrit edition the Chapter dedicated to Shree Vaikuntha is Chapter NO. 68, while in the Motilal English edition it is Chapter NO. 65. I am following to GRETIL NO. 68 enumeration in the below text. 

मुनय ऊचुः: 
श्रोतुम् इच्छामहे देव विष्णुलोकम् अनामयम् /
लोकानन्दकरं कान्तं सर्वाश्चर्यसमन्वितम् // ६८.१ //
munaya UchuH: 
shrotum ichChAmahe deva viShNulokam anAmayam /
lokAnandakaraM kAntaM sarvAshcharyasamanvitam // 68.1 //
प्रमाणं तस्य लोकस्य भोगं कान्तिं बलं प्रभो /
कर्मणा केन गच्छन्ति तत्र धर्मपरायणाः // ६८.२ //
pramANaM tasya lokasya bhogaM kAntiM balaM prabho /
karmaNA kena gachChanti tatra dharmaparAyaNAH // 68.2 //
दर्शनात् स्पर्शनाद् वापि तीर्थस्नानादिनापि वा /
विस्तराद् ब्रूहि तत्त्वेन परं कौतूहलं हि नः // ६८.३ //
darshanAt sparshanAd vApi tIrthasnAnAdinApi vA /
vistarAd brUhi tattvena paraM kautUhalaM hi naH // 68.3 //

"Shree Brahma-Purana", 68.1-3: "O Lord, we wish to hear about the World of Bhagavan Shree Vishnu (Shree Vishnu-Loka): the World which is devoid of sickness, is lovely, delightful to the people and full of mystery (wonders, miracles). 

O Lord, mention the

18-10-2018 и 18 по Цельсию...

18 октября 2018 года на термометре 18 градусов тепла! Фото из Измайловского Парка.